How to Learn to Farm

how to learn to farmIt's a pretty picture but you can't see the work that went into it

With all the news recently of increasing food insecurity concerns and economic instability, I'm seeing a lot of people online wondering how to learn to farm.

It seems many people are looking for both a meaningful way to contribute to the community and a secure, healthy lifestyle. No question that a small farm can contribute to both those outcomes.

But with more than 20 years' experience operating New Terra Farm, I can tell you farming is not something to rush into. Farming is not like a typical 9-5 a job; it really will impact every part of your life.

This is particularly true if you raise livestock. No matter what, the chores must get done, the animals are depending on you for food and water. Suzie and I can't do an overnight trip away from the farm without arranging farm-sitting.

You need to be able to handle long hours, labor-intensive work, and unpredictable circumstances like foul weather and market changes.

When I teach my Bootstrap Success Plan Course, one of the first exercises is guiding the participants to figure out their expectations for their farm business, and if they have the aptitudes, attitudes and assets to make it work.

I don't want to discourage you; it's possible to launch a successful farm business, even as a 'newbie'. Suzie and I did it as a couple of 40-something former 'city folk'. And no question this has been the most rewarding adventure we ever embarked on.

So my goal for this page is to provide enough practical, real-world information to let the prospective new grower decide if learning how to farm is the right adventure for them.

With that preamble out of the way, let's get on with how to learn to farm. We'll start  by defining our terms.

What is this 'farm' you speak of?

Let's define what a 'farm' is for the purposes of this article. While I'm aware of small farms that specialize in just one crop  - e.g. I know a local farmer who just raises saffron, and my friends Ryan and Monica at Merrifield Farms just raise meat chickens for sale - the focus of this article will be the small, mixed farm, raising both produce and livestock, on a small acreage. You can see a more detailed definition on my What is Micro Farming page.

This is probably the most common type of small farm in North America, and the one most in reach of the wanna-be farmer. It's possible to launch a farm like this with limited resources, and expand as your knowledge and assets grow.

How to Learn to Farm, Step by Step

Pitchforks and SpreadsheetsPitchforks and Spreadsheets - the life of the modern small farmer

I think 'pitchforks and spreadsheets' neatly summarizes the learning curve for the new farmer.

To put this in context, you will need to learn about some very hands-on operational things like what equipment you need and how to maintain it, how to grow healthy plants, how to keep your land producing sustainably, how to  care for animals, and lots of other get-your-hands-dirty stuff.

But there is more to running a farm business than operations. You also need to understand planning and marketing and customer care and finance – they are equally import to the success of your business.

In fact you have to make a lot of decisions about your farm business well before you buy that tractor or throw some seeds in the ground.

There is a LOT of thinking involved, but...

If you invest the time and effort, the end point is an achievable plan to start-up, market and manage a successful small farm BUSINESS, sustainably and profitably .

The overall learning process goes something like this:

  • Get clear on your Vision. What do you expect your farm to become in the future?
  • Set Goals for your Farm. Decide what you expect from your farm both financially and as a lifestyle
  • Decide your Principles of Operation. Principles of operation are the basic guidelines as to how you will operate your farm.
  • Assess your capabilities and resources. Land, buildings,livestock, training and experience
  • Determine which farming model fits with your Vision, your goals, your principles, and your resources.
  • Learn where and how to find customers for your farm goodies
  • Learn how put to the systems in place to manage farm operations and farm finances efficiently and profitably.

You can see these explained in more detail on this page.

How to Learn to Farm - Practical Experience

After determining your farming interests and commitment, and getting some 'book learning' from the resources listed below, you need to consider ways to enhance your practical knowledge.

You could volunteer at a local farm, join community farming groups, or sign up for an apprenticeship program. Such firsthand experiences give you exposure to daily farming tasks and responsibilities.

A number of young people have spent a summer working at New Terra Farm, and then gone on to launch successful farm businesses of their own.

We have also hosted folks interested in learning about farming from all around the world. You can check out Worldwide Opportunities on Organic Farms (WWOOF) to find a host farm to gain some hands-on experience.

How to Learn to Farm - Best Books

One big advantage for the prospective new farmer in 2023 is the abundance of resources to help her learn how to farm. You can find books and courses and videos on just about every aspect of running a small farm.

Lets start with my three favorite farming books.

You Can Farm, by Joel Salatin. This book is both informative and inspiring. More than 400 pages of real-world guidance for making a living on a small farm. Joel doesn't gloss over the realities of the business of farming, he lays out the good and the not-so-good aspects of a running a farm business profitably and sustainably. My #1 pick.

The New Organic Grower by Eliot Coleman. Eliot has been operating a successful market garden operation for more than 4 decades. Packed with practical information based on his long experience, from seed starting to harvest and marketing.

This was the book I relied on the most when launching the New Terra Farm CSA Market Garden.

The Market Gardener by Jean-Martin Fortier. My fellow countryman Jean-Martin operates a 1.5 acre farm providing a 6-figure income using primarily hand-tools (and ingenuity). The  book provides an incredibly detailed look at Jean-Martin's operation. If you want to see what is possible to achieve on a small acreage, this is the best book on the topic.

By the way, I strongly recommend buying hard copies of the books you REALLY want. Have a peek at my farming and gardening library. I have over 150 titles that I consult regularly and also share with friends and fellow growers.

bookshelf biggerAn investment in learning always pays off.

How to Learn to Farm - Free Resources

It's possible to find a LOT of free information on just about any topic related to small farms on the 'net. Here are a couple of my favorites:

University of Minnesota Extension. Click on 'Learn About' to find a treasure trove of information ranging from animal husbandry to crop production to farm finances.

Sustainable Agriculture Research And Education (SARE). SARE's home page explains their mission 'Farmer-driven innovations in agriculture that improve profitability, stewardship and quality of life'.

Check out their Resources and Learning link to get access to guides, books and videos, all free for the small grower. SARE also funds grants for agricultural research by small farmers.

SARE Learning

New Terra Farm Resources for the Small Grower

Besides the 200 or so pages of free content on this site, I also offer a couple of free guides that provide a good overview of market gardening and farming.

mini farm plan

Get my FREE One-Acre Farm Plan and learn how to raise pigs, chickens and more, integrated with an organic market garden, to make more money from your small property.

Imagine building a profitable and sustainable mini-farm even on a small piece of land.

Get the Mini-Farm Report

Please note that all fields followed by an asterisk must be filled in.
market garden guide

The consumer demand for fresh local organic food has never been higher. Bad news on the supply chain is good news for local growers.

Get my free Organic Market Gardener Start-up Guide and see if this is the right time to launch your CSA market garden business.

Free Market Gardening Start-up Guide

Please note that all fields followed by an asterisk must be filled in.

I also wrote some books...

I compiled my experience gained from 20-plus years running award-winning New Terra Farm into some books and courses for the new or soon-to-be small grower.

CSA Market Gardens typically have the highest net income.

Bootstrap Market Gardening shows you step-by-step how to start-up, market and manage an organic market garden based on CSA principles.

New edition includes my Garden Planner spreadsheet. Get Bootstrap Market Gardening  only from New Terra Farm.

Bootstrap Bacon Raising pigs is a great complement to your market garden. Piggies will root up the soil and clean up garden waste, turning old veggies into delicious organic PREMIUM PORK.

My latest edition also includes my fabulous Porkulator spreadsheet. I couldn't find a tool to help me calculate costs and profits for my pastured piggies, so I had to create one.

Bootstrap Birdies!

If you have a small property and would like it to work for you chickens are the ideal 'starter' livestock.

This book will show you the secrets of raising meat chickens humanely, organically, and sustainably.

If you want to put some food in your freezer (and maybe some money in your wallet) this book will show you how.

Two Bonus Chicken Coop Plan Books included to help you get started right away raising your own pastured poultry flock.

Build a Bootstrap Greenhouse.

If you are VERY serious about growing good food for yourself and your family, there is no better investment than your own greenhouse.

We have built and currently use three different styles of greenhouses. This book includes plans, pictures, and instructions for all three.

I guarantee you can find a place for one (or more) of them at your homestead (or even a big back yard). The smallest one - my Cattle Panel Palace - is just 8 x 12 and can be built in one morning at a cost of $200.

Includes Bonus Books Greenhouse Planting Schedule and Resource Report.

Or get ALL these books in my Start Farming Pack

start farming 12-22

Get this bundle (and save a bundle) in my Start Farming Pack.

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